The Climb

By George Manley – Expedition 8848 Artist

Everest Historical Moments Series

In 1953 this expedition to Everest was on a grand scale, compared to the 1920s & 1930s previous Everest expeditions, on this one there were 350 porters, it even took two porters to carry the wages, there were 13 climbers with the now famous Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary. 

To climb Everest there were many advanced camps established, at camp 8 on the south col, the first attempt was made by Charles Evans and Tom Bourdillon, but because of bad snow conditions and the oxygen sets failing they stopped at the south summit, only 100m/323ft from the summit.

The second attempt was better planned and a higher camp 9 was established, here Hillary and Tensing stayed the night. The next morning at 6.30am they started the Ascent of Everest, after the south summit they reached a difficult step on the ridge now known as the Hillary step, this they climbed successfully, with the summit now only 200ft away, they reached the summit of Everest at 11.30am on the 29th May 1953. The news of this achievement back in Nepal and Britain was received with great celebration, this was fantastic news as it was also the year our present Queen Elisabeth was crowned.

Lesson Plan 8: Carbon Footprints

Welcome to part 8 of the Expedition 8848 Education Programme Lesson Plans! These lesson plans have been made for teachers, educators and scout leaders to use in their classrooms to teach students about climate change and exploration.

The eighth lesson plan is about the causes of global warming and measuring our own carbon footprints.

The lesson plan 8 – Carbon Footprints can be downloaded here: http://expedition8848.com/lesson-plans/08-MW-LessonP8.pdf

Click here to access all the lesson plans: http://expedition8848.com

Click here to access more resources for this lesson and all the lesson plans on OneNote: https://1drv.ms/o/s!AvIvIB5FrRB2rmQQsl_tJ87xwOvk

Lonely Planet Kids: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/kids/

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How You Can Fight Climate Change

By Olivia Drayson – Expedition 8848 Education Team

Climate Science Series

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At this point, I’m sure you’re frustrated by all the devastating consequences of climate change that many people are ignoring. We hope these articles have shown you enough to convince you that climate change is real, is capable of causing irreversible harm to our planet and its inhabitants, and is a direct result of human activity. While it may seem that only leaders of large companies and powerful nations can make an impact and fight climate change, that is not the case. Everyone has the power and the responsibility to fight climate change and each individual’s contribution can make a significant difference. In these articles, we will describe some of the many ways you can make a difference and show you where you can find out about many more.

Make Your Commute Greener

We all create a carbon footprint whenever we use electricity, drive cars and use energy that is created from burning fossil fuels. The average worldwide carbon footprint per person is around 4 metric tonnes of CO2 per year. We can all work to reduce our individual carbon footprint and lessen the effect we are having on the environment. The best ways to do this are by changing the way you travel. Commute by walking, cycling or driving electric vehicles if you can. Hybrid vehicles also reduce your carbon emissions significantly and can be greener than electric cars your local electricity source is very dependent on fossil fuels. Fly as little as you can as aircraft are the biggest carbon emitters of all forms of public transport.

Save Electricity

Electricity is still predominantly generated from burning fossil fuels. Until we are completely reliant on renewable energy sources we must try to use as little electricity as possible. Switch off lights when you don’t need them, don’t open windows when the heating is on and air dry your clothes instead of using a dryer.

If you can, use renewable energy as they produce zero carbon emissions. You can install solar panels on your roof and can return excess electricity to the national grid.

Go For a Low Carbon Diet

The way your food is produced uses up a huge amount of energy. By making small changes to our diet we can, therefore, significantly reduce our carbon footprint. Firstly, cut down on meat. Even going meat-free once or twice a week can make a huge difference if we all join in. Secondly, opt for local, fresh produce instead of those that have been flown across the world. Cargo ships are the largest carbon emitters of all vehicles, so going for local produce alone can make a huge difference. Thirdly, if you can, opt for organic food as these have a lower carbon footprint. Grow at home as many vegetables and fruit as you can and use compost to reduce waste and grow organically.

Save Forests

Trees and other plants take carbon dioxide from the air as part of photosynthesis, thereby actively removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Take action to fight deforestation by choosing the wood that is obtained sustainably and plant trees when you can. Each tree can remove up to a tonne of CO2 from the atmosphere in its lifetime.

Remember the 3 R’s-Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Plastics require energy and burning of fossil fuels to be manufactured and also cause great harm to the marine ecosystems when not disposed of properly. As plastics take millions of years to decompose, they remain intact and can kill marine creatures that come into contact with them. We can reduce our carbon footprint and protect our ecosystems by reducing the waste we create, reusing what we have instead of buying new and disposing of the old and recycling plastics, paper, glass and metal when we do use them. See what recycling options your local area provide.

Consider How Your Choices Affect the Environment

With every product we buy, we are supporting the company that manufactures it and the practices they use. By simply switching the brands you purchase to ones that actively work to fight climate change can make a difference to what that company is capable of doing and encourages others to make similar moves.

In addition, when at the polling station consider how your representatives are speaking of climate change and their plans for the future. By allowing a representative’s stance on climate change factor into your decision, you can help shift the focus to the future of our planet.

Spread the Word and Demand Change

Politicians and CEOs of large companies do have the power to make decisions that can affect the planet. If you don’t think enough is being done, spread the word and demand change from your government. Get your family and friends to make their daily lives as green as possible and show the world that it can be done.

You Can Make a Difference

Change can only be made if we all adapt to a greener lifestyle and actively fight against climate change. This means that it is all of our responsibility to be aware of the consequences and make changes to our daily life. Climate change can be stopped but we all need to get involved if we want to do it before it’s too late.

Sources

  1. Photo by Markus Spiske temporausch.com from Pexels
  2. https://climate.nasa.gov
  3. https://www.activesustainability.com/climate-change/6-actions-to-fight-climate-change/
  4. https://www.climate-change-guide.com/stop-climate-change.html
  5. https://www.curbed.com/2017/6/7/15749900/how-to-stop-climate-change-actions
  6. https://www.popsci.com/how-to-stop-climate-change
  7. https://www.eartheclipse.com/climate-change/fantastic-ways-to-stop-climate-change.html
  8. Calculate your carbon footprint: https://www.nature.org/en-us/get-involved/how-to-help/consider-your-impact/carbon-calculator/?src=social.nature.twitter.main&utm_content=1496673381&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter&utm_campaign=social.nature
  9. Why organic food is better for the environment: http://www.fao.org/organicag/oa-faq/oa-faq6/en/
  10. Plastics and the environment: https://1bagatatime.com/learn/plastic-bags-climate-change/
  11. https://calculator.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspx?tab=8

Lesson Plan 7: Leave Nothing But Footprints

Welcome to part 7 of the Expedition 8848 Education Programme Lesson Plans! These lesson plans have been made for teachers, educators and scout leaders to use in their classrooms to teach students about climate change and exploration.

The seventh lesson plan is about the responsibility of travellers and explorers to protect and preserve the environment that they are visiting.

The lesson plan 7 – Leave Nothing But Footprints can be downloaded here: http://expedition8848.com/lesson-plans/07-MW-LessonP7.pdf

Click here to access all the lesson plans: http://expedition8848.com

Click here to access more resources for this lesson and all the lesson plans on OneNote: https://1drv.ms/o/s!AvIvIB5FrRB2rmQQsl_tJ87xwOvk

Lonely Planet Kids: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/kids/

 

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Because It’s​ There

By George Manley – Expedition 8848 Artist

Everest Historical Moments Series

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1924’s Everest expedition will always be remembered for the tragic death of George Mallory (arguably the best climber of his time) and Sandy Irvine. During the second attempt to reach the summit, their disappearance took place high up on the North East ridge either at two difficult sections called the second step or the final third step before the summit.

Their disappearance will always be shrouded in mystery leaving the unanswered question of whether or not they reached the summit. The last person to see Mallory and Irvine was Noel Odell, who said they were both at the second step, but later had his doubts and suggested Mallory could have been at the third step, current climbers have remarked that from Odell’s description it fits the third and final step.

In 1999 Mallory’s body was unbelievably found on Everest, this has only added to the mystery. Interestingly, one of Mallory’s or Irvine’s oxygen bottles was found a lot higher up, suggesting that Mallory had been a lot higher, possibly summited and was on his way down. Also, Mallory carried a photo of his wife Ruth, which he promised to leave on the summit, there was no photo found on his body, suggesting he and been on the summit and left the photo. He also had snow goggles with him, these were in his pocket, leading to the idea he had made the final push to the summit and was on his way down after sunset.

Whether or not it will be proven that they both summited, Mallory certainly had been higher than any other person, possibly to at least 28,000ft, in far inferior clothing and equipment than today, an unbelievable feat of human endurance. We can only wait for his camera to be found and then we might have a final answer.

Famously, when asked by a reporter why climb Everest, Mallory replied with the immortal phrase “Because it’s there” 

Lesson Plan 6: Who Climbs Everest

Welcome to part 6 of the Expedition 8848 Education Programme Lesson Plans! These lesson plans have been made for teachers, educators and scout leaders to use in their classrooms to teach students about climate change and exploration.

The sixth lesson plan is about the mountaineers that climb Everest and what qualities can help them succeed.

The lesson plan 6 – Who Climbs Everest can be downloaded here: http://expedition8848.com/lesson-plans/06-MW-LessonP6.pdf

Click here to access all the lesson plans: http://expedition8848.com

Click here to access more resources for this lesson and all the lesson plans on OneNote: https://1drv.ms/o/s!AvIvIB5FrRB2rmQQsl_tJ87xwOvk

Lonely Planet Kids: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/kids/

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Space Exploration Lesson Plan 1: The Origin of the Moon

As part of the Expedition 8848 Education Programme, we present the first of 10 mini lesson plans on the theme of space exploration in collaboration with the People’s Moon Project.

This lesson is centred on the history of the moon and its formation.

The Space Lesson Plan 1 – Origin of the Moon can be downloaded here: http://expedition8848.com/lesson-plans/11-MLP1%20The%20Origin%20of%20the%20Moon.pdf

Click here to access all the lesson plans: http://expedition8848.com

Click here to access more resources for this lesson and all the lesson plans on OneNote: https://1drv.ms/o/s!AvIvIB5FrRB2rmQQsl_tJ87xwOvk

And for more information on the People’s Moon Project click here to visit their website: https://thepeoplesmoon.com